It aims to introduce the animal with an individual or group where the pet is an integral part of the treatment process.
It is directed and / or performed by one or more health care professionals with specialized expertise, and within the scope of practice of their profession. Directed to promote the physical, social, emotional and / or cognitive functions.
In recent decades, Pets therapy has been gaining interest and investment in the scientific community, according to the results achieved in programs aimed, through the human-animal interaction, promote physical and mental health of the people in.
Examples of animal therapy.
1 - Horses and Donkeys
The Hippotherapy is very important in the monitoring of children with cerebral palsy, autism, Down syndrome and hyperactivity, both in physical terms and in terms of emotional connection. Not only mount the animal or interact with it, as, as appropriate, treat it in terms of the food and brushing is beneficial for motor coordination and self-esteem. Examples have followed in our country with excellent results. In countries like the United States and England therapy with dolphins is also used very successfully as an adjunct of hydrotherapy.
2 - Dogs and Cats
Dogs are used in therapy, including races unfairly seen as bad, as the rottweiler, which by their self-confidence and self-control are excellent animals and used to support teams of therapists.
Since the cases mentioned above, through the hospital wards to nursing homes, their visits allow an increase in self-esteem and well-being. Children with problems become more open and communicative.
Putting a parenthesis, the prison inclusive Monsanto has a kennel where people can leave their pets on holiday, and its treatment of prisoners of responsibility as part of the recovery program, in interaction with other inmates and prison guards ..
The mere fact that petting a dog or cat is calming and part of recovery through the psychological well-being. A dog or a cat in a pediatric ward humanizes the environment more than the sympathy of the nurses.
A dog, a cat or a bird, are sometimes the only support of the elderly without family and their ultimate reason for living, decreasing their burden of anxiety and avoiding depressions.
In schools, there is a charge of an animal to the class (where it is noted under the supervision of a teacher) increases self-esteem and sense of belonging to the group of children as well as accountability to society.
We can thus see that although animals are not as key partners with the man in terms of protecting you from wild animals, guarding livestock, or serving as a means of transport, continue anyway, to be essential in helping us to live better and overcome situations that arise in our everyday life or the increasingly complex urban lifestyle
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